I’ve always respected my father as a leader. I consider it a privilege to have his example of Christian leadership in my life. He’s a man who leads by example. He does his best to get the job done right and always treats those under him with respect.
We all interact with leaders. Many direct from behind by telling others what to do rather than leading by example. We know of the parents who demand that their children do as they say and then do not live up to their own standards. We know about politicians and celebrities who lecture about social responsibility while living in mansions.
Jesus is a man who led by example.
Jesus never asked anyone to do anything for him that he would not do for them. He asked only, “Follow me” and then provided his example as a means to lead those he called to salvation.
For this, Jesus was also a threat to the established religious and social order. There are always those who are privileged by the established regimes and governing institutions.
A hierarchical system serves those at the top.
And yet Jesus (after sending a rich young ruler away disappointed) promises his followers in his kingdom that the current roles would be reversed:
Truly I tell you, at the renewal of all things, when the Son of Man sits on his glorious throne, you who have followed me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. And everyone who has left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or wife or children or fields for my sake will receive a hundred times as much and will inherit eternal life. But many who are first will be last, and many who are last will be first. (Matthew 19:28-30)
Jesus repeats this maxim, “The last will be first, and the first will be last,” at the end a parable in the next chapter. In the parable, there are workers in the vineyard show up early and then cry “unfair” when those who show up later receive the same compensation.
That is not a message the religious elites and privileged classes want to hear.
I mean, they (and their ancestors) put their time in, and therefore they deserve the place of recognition and respect. Follow the rules, earn the prize. God was obviously blessing them for their careful religious devotion… right?
Then here comes this agitator, this Jesus, who dares to challenge and rebuke them. Not only that, this provoker, he tells them the tables will be turned, roles will be reversed and their kingdom will be left desolate.
Jesus begins his sermon in Matthew 23 by taking direct aim at the unhelpful religious elites.
Then Jesus said to the crowds and to his disciples: “The teachers of the law and the Pharisees sit in Moses’ seat. So you must be careful to do everything they tell you. But do not do what they do, for they do not practice what they preach. They tie up heavy, cumbersome loads and put them on other people’s shoulders, but they themselves are not willing to lift a finger to move them.” (Matthew 23:1-4)
There is a derisive tone to those words. In one line Jesus tells his audience that they must respect those in the position of power and then in the next, he describes those who hold those positions of power in a way that could be considered disrespectful.
I do not take the advice Jesus gave to, “be careful to do everything they tell you,” as an endorsement of the rules. I believe it is simply an acknowledgment of the real power they held. To “sit in Moses’ seat” meant they could have you killed and that is pretty good reason to pay attention.
These religious elites, who saw themselves as better than everyone else, did not “practice what they preach”, according to Jesus. They heaped on a “cumbersome loads” of standards and yet were not living up to what they preached.
This could mean a simple double standard: one set of rules for themselves and a different set for other people. It might also indicate that they loved the “letter of the law” more than the Author of the law.
I believe it is the latter.
The “experts of the law and Pharisees,” we are told, “diligently” studied the Scriptures, thinking that in their to devotion to them they had eternal life (John 5:39) and the rich young ruler also claimed to have kept the commandments from boyhood. There is every indication that these were devout and sincere people.
However, where the Pharisees went wrong was in what they prioritized.
Jesus prioritized people over the letter of the law.
Read Mark 2:3-28, 3:1-6.
When a man was forgiven and healed, the Pharisees were more concerned with their interpretation of blasphemy laws than they were in the miracle.
The Pharisees were more concerned with looking righteous in the eyes of their religious peers than they were in the well-being of those of lower position who needed healing and salvation.
In questioning why the disciples of Jesus did not fast along with everyone else, there was a lack of understanding that unique circumstances can demand a departure from the normal religious routine.
Regarding the Sabbath they saw a rigid true-for-all-time black and white standard, but Jesus reminds them of when David’s servants violated the Sabbath and points to the humanitarian intent behind the law.
Jesus, in his anger against the legalistic thinking of the religious elites, heals a man on the Sabbath. For this defiance of their tradition they began to plot how to kill him.
The law of the Pharisees is described as a “heavy” and “cumbersome load” by Jesus. But, in describing his own way, Jesus says, “My yoke is easy and my burden is light.”
While the religious elites would not risk contamination (as depicted in the story of the Good Samaritan) and were “not willing to lift a finger” to move the burdens they put on others, those who followed after Jesus were instructed:
Carry each other’s burdens, and in this way you will fulfill the law of Christ. (Galatians 6:2)
The self-righteous elites were about preserving their status and image by following a religious code and demanding others live up to it, while Jesus led by his example self-sacrifice and urged his followers to prioritize love for others over their tradition.
The letter of the law is indifferent to the real needs of people. The law is uncompromising and cruel. It does not care about the impossible burdens it placed on those less privileged and powerful. The law condemns all people to death.
The Spirit, on the other hand, is a comfort and helper in our time of need; he brings grace to those who will receive it. A true follower of Jesus walks according to the Spirit (Romans 8, Galatians 5) and will help to carry burdens and bring newness of life.
Jesus speaks against the attitudes of Mennonite religious elites today.
I’m fortunate in that I’ve been spared the worst that the Mennonite religious culture has to offer. Yet, a lighter dose of the same wrong attitudes does surface from time to time.
My own experience with the uglier side of the denomination is pretty tame compared to what others have experienced. In the conference I’m a part of (Keystone), we didn’t have the control-freak bishops playing “religious policeman” and constantly adding to the rules or micromanaging and excommunicating people who don’t fit the mold.
However, we do have the complacent unhelpful attitudes of those Jesus rebuked and the same resistance to change. Many will only help in their religiously prescribed ways (words of encouragement, offered prayers, etc) but do not offer much burden-carrying outside the range of our established protocol.
Mennonite employers will often use their position to privilege themselves, nobly willing to move heaven and earth for their own families, but too often at the expense of employees and their families. I know first-hand accounts of men who work less than bankers hours (for good pay) while expecting those under them to pick up the slack.
There can also be the attitude that those who aren’t as successful as we are did not try hard enough or otherwise “deserve” it. We too often hold those raised outside of our communities to a standard we are only able to achieve because of our home and heritage. We expect others to rise to our own level when we should be bringing ourselves down to theirs.
To follow Jesus means to give up our special privileges for the good and welfare of others. It means to humble ourselves and lead the way he did in when he left heavenly glory to live and die for us. We too must step down to meet people where they are and help them to carry their burdens.
Follow my example, as I follow the example of Christ. (1 Corinthians 11:1)
That is how to be a Christian leader.
9 thoughts on “Jesus Assails Unhelpful Religious Elites (Matthew 23:1-4)”
I’ve heard a brother in Christ say, “If you can’t say Amen, say Ouch”. I really need to say both because in my conquest for righteousness I’ve found that feeling the need to say “Ouch” is an admission that I really need to be saying “Amen”. Because it’s the truth that hurts, I have no desire for sermons delivered for itching ears.
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I know what you mean. I am going through this transition and it is not fun. I would be inclined to lash out, would be tempted to call fire down from heaven, but in the midst of this heard a sermon about transitions and the message was to bless rather than curse those we leave. That is what I plan to do even if it hurts to do it.
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You said: “but in the midst of this heard a sermon about transitions and the message was to bless rather than curse those we leave.” That brought back memories of when Keystone left Lancaster Conference because Lancaster Conference was not following Scripture. The bishop board of Lancaster Conference (my father was a bishop at the time) asked the Keystone leadership to give their blessing to Lancaster Conference and they did. I thought it was strange that the Keystone leadership would give their blessing to Christians who they viewed were choosing to live in disobedience to Christ. Why would they bless them to continue living in their disobedience? I didn’t make sense. Jesus did not bless the Pharisees. He did forgive their actions.
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I will address the offenses as I see them and then forgive as I wish to be forgiven. When Jesus said, “father forgive them for they know not what they do,” it wasn’t because he was weak on sin or making an endorsement. I believe grace triumphs over judgement.
Excellent post Joel. It can be summed up in Yawehs words repeatedly quoted by Jesus, “I wanted mercy, not sacrifice…”
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You are the second person to quote Hosea 6:6 after reading that post. I’m glad when that happens. 🙂
Joel, It has been interesting reading your posts. God has been showing you a lot of the same things that He as been showing me. There are many things in the Amish and conservative Mennonite denominations that are not God’s will, nor are those things what it means to follow Christ. Keep writing!
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“This could mean a simple double standard: one set of rules for themselves and a different set for other people. It might also indicate that they loved the “letter of the law” more than the Author of the law.”
I’m not really convinced that it’s just the latter. I believe these 2 issues go hand in hand. If I am striving to live in my own strength without the power of the Spirit, legalism and hypocisy becomes a natural result.
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Good catch. You are right, “all have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God.” I’m sure they couldn’t even live up to the standard that they tried to keep. But I will also say that they probably did better keeping the law than most most people then and compared to us. I don’t think the problem is that they were unusually terrible people, I believe the problem was that nobody is good enough to please God and only by faith through grace are we saved.
Thanks for the correction!